What is the SCARF Model?
The SCARF model involves five domains of human social experience: status, certainty, autonomy, relatedness, and fairness. Status is about where you are in relation to others around you. Certainty concerns being able to predict the future. Autonomy provides a sense of control over events.
Acronym for different social needs we have.
Helps us know what causes us to react.
Understand our social connectedness that can cause a threat response in the body.
Some of our social needs can trigger a threat response.
The pain centers in the brain are close tot he pleasure centers.
Mental Health Approach
Status. Do I have my status threatened. I'm in line and someone jumps in. Times that someone stepped on yhour status. YOu felt like you were put down or you jumped over someone elses. It triggers us into a fight or flight (limbic system/amygdala).
What can we do? We need to help ourselves, calm ourselves down, get back to our pre-frontal cortex (for social engagement and connectedness).
Certainty. Lack of certainty can trigger a threat response. Uncertainty can trigger limbic system (fight or flight). When plans are changed, it could also trigger it. We need to build resiliency and learn to be flexible. Consistency has a safety feeling. The following emotions could send us to the limbic - anger, panic, fight/flight reactions.
What can we do? Label it. It helps us lower stress response.
Autonomy. We feel the need to have control over events or feeling like we have control. With Trauma we didn't have control when we were younger and experienced trauma.
What can we do? We need to learn to get comfortable that we aren't always in control and don't always need to be in control - micro managing everything isn't always good.
Relatedness. Someone abandons you. Or someone gives you some feeling that you're not good enough. You're not invited to bday party, etc.
Fairness. I'm getting all the work done at home. I didn't get same size of cake, etc.
What can we do? We need to remind ourselves that life isn’t meant to be fair. Find ways to address your concerns and then allow yourself to be settled with where it is.
What can we do?
Answer. Having grace as we move through life's uncomfortable challenges. Being mindful of our triggers and allowing ourselves space to be uncomfortable and not in control as we work to regulate our emotions and responses. Yoga can be a good experience for people to identify an uncomfortable pose, and knowing the pain or uncomfortableness will end. This could be done by counting to a certain number before coming out of a pose, allowing the body and mind to learn that there will be an end to painful experiences, and training your body to move out of the fight or flight response and de-escalate emotions on our own. Self-regulation is something we can learn as we move in and out of uncomfortable situations, learning to use tools (breathing exercises, movements, mantras, focus on a thought, etc) to help us move into a more healthy balance.